The Dangerous Side Effects of Anti-Anxiety Drugs and Sleeping Pills

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“It is more difficult to withdraw people from benzodiazepines than it is from heroin. With heroin usually the withdrawal is over within a week or so. Some of the tranquilizer groups can document people who have symptoms 10 years after stopping.” –Professor M. Lader, Psycho-pharmacology, Kings College, London.

“The benzodiazepines are probably the most addictive drugs ever created and the vast army of enthusiastic doctors who prescribed these drugs by the tonne have created the world’s largest drug addiction problem.” –Dr. Vernon Coleman.

Tranquilizers are a family of anti-anxiety drugs known as benzodiazepines that includes alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam (Ativan). These medicines take effect fairly quickly, starting to work within an hour after they are taken. Benzodiazepines are available only with a physician's prescription and are available in tablet, capsule, liquid, or injectable forms.

by Margaret Bell

Tranquilizers are only prescribed to people suffering from anxiety, insomnia or mental illness. They are totally safe and innocuous, even when used long term. The only people who ever get addicted to them are alcoholics and drug addicts. The only symptoms people suffer from during tranquilizers withdrawal is ‘anxiety’ and this is just a return to their original illness.

For over 40 years, the pharmaceutical companies have churned out this fallacious message. Their superb public-relations machinery has convinced almost the entire public of these myths. Propaganda and truth are, however, two different things.

Both research and anecdotal evidence show that only a small handful of people are ever put on tranquillisers for ‘anxiety’. Instead, they are prescribed— in the main—to normal healthy people, many of whom become seriously ill as a result. Some 50 per cent of people become tranquilizer addicts as a result of a brief hospital admission (BMJ, 1992; 304: 881). Most others are prescribed these drugs for wholly inappropriate reasons, such as sports injury or bereavement (Joan Jerome, The Lost Years, Virgin Books, 1991) and become rapidly addicted.

Tranquillisers are known to damage brain receptors and cause neurotransmitter imbalances. This is now recognised as a major factor in alcoholism and drug addiction (WDDTY vol 11 no 7). Tranquilizer addiction is thus a leading cause of chemical dependency, rather than the other way round. If animals can become addicted and suffer withdrawals after only seven days (Science, 1982; 217: 1161—3), and newborn babies are born screaming with withdrawal symptoms that can last for anything up to seven years (WDDTY vol 9 no 11, letter), then clearly the fault lies with the drug.

While withdrawal symptoms from heroin last only a few weeks, withdrawal from tranquilizer can persist for well over 10 years in a substantial proportion of patients (Professor Malcolm Lader, Face the Facts, Radio 4, 16 March 1999).

Although the myth persists that people only suffer from ‘anxiety’ during withdrawal, research shows that patients are, in fact, seriously ill and many report being permanently physically disabled.

Since 1960, the UK medical profession has turned at least three million adults and two million ‘Benzo Babies’— infants whose mothers took tranquilizers during pregnancy—into brain-damaged addicts. There are currently still some one million patients trapped in addiction and another million disabled by withdrawals.

Benzodiazepine addiction can cause brain atrophy (Psychol Med, 1987; 17: 869—73) and brain abnormalities are a significant factor in ME (J Neurol Sci, 1999; 171: 3—7), which affects so many tranquizers patients. Neuroleptic side-effects can mimic lethargic encephalitis (Brain Cogn, 1993; 23:8-27).

Other observed tranquiizer side-effects include thyroid dysfunction (Int J Nucl Med Biol, 1984; 11: 203—4), parkinsonism (Biol Psychiati. 1985; 20: 451—60), liver damage (Dig Dis Sci, 1982; 27: 470—2) and cancer (Natl Toxicol Prog Rep USA, 1993). Research also shows a 17-fold increase in fatal myocardial infarction associated with psychotropic drugs (Lancet, 1992; 340: 1067—8).

Protracted withdrawal symptoms are caused by the slow release, in waves, of tranquilizers from fat cells into the bloodstream. Drug-induced glandular fever (pseudomononucleosis) is a noted side-effect of psychotropic drugs (Med Gin, 1981; 77: 250-2; Arch Gen Psychiatr, 1966; 15:529-34) and just one of the many possible illnesses causing patients to be chronically sick, both during addiction and withdrawal.

In spite of these potential side-effects, tranquilizers are still touted as a ‘cure’ for mental illness and such prescribed addiction is called ‘therapy’.

For decades, the vast majority of the UK’s two million tranquilizer patients have reported being denied all medical treatment, care and benefits. Dr Reg Peart, founder of Victims of Tranquilizers, states in an Open Letter that this apparent BMA policy "has resulted in gross violations of patients’ human rights and extreme suffering. . .Anecdotal evidence suggests that even people with life-threatening illnesses, such as cancer or heart conditions, are left with no monitoring, no referrals to specialists and no care". Seriously ill patients are dismissed as suffering from ‘anxiety’ without being seen for years on end.

My own experience is typical. For years, my GPs have refused to acknowledge or treat my disabling arthritis, blood disorder, severe allergies, pleuritic chest pains and cardiac problems. Without carrying out any relevant tests, they have diagnosed almost every ailment as ‘anxiety’ and refused to put my own medical evidence on my file. Many of my tranquilizer group have recently died; had they had proper medical care, most would still be alive and well today. The most common causes of death were cardiac problems, stomach ulcers and cancer.

My friend Simon died last year at the age of 36, after 15 years of painful withdrawals. Over six foot tall, he weighed only six stone. His post mortem showed swelling and marked pallor of the entire brain, particularly the substantia nigra, the area affected in Parkinson’s disease; he also suffered from an atrophied heart, atherosclerosis, oedema, congestion of the lungs, liver damage, stomach bleeding and multiple gastric erosions. The pathologist diagnosed death due to multiorgan failure with atrophy due to ‘malnutrition’. Simon’s GP saw him twice in 15 years and diagnosed ‘anxiety’.

The cover-up is complete.

Common benzodiazepines are: Valium - Diazepam, Ativan - Lorazepam, Normison - Temazepam, Mogadon - Nitrazepam, Dalmane - Flurazepam, Serenid - Oxazepam, Tranxene - Clorazepate, Librium - Chlordiazepoxide, Halcion - Triazolam, Dormonoct - Loprazolam, Noctamid - Lormetazepam, Frisium - Clobazam, Xanax - Alprazolam, Lexotan - Bromazepam, Clonazepam --Klonopin/Rivotril

Insight

Your Drug May Be Your Problem: How and Why to StopTaking Psychiatric Medications. Psychiatric drugs are prescribed to more than 20 million Americans. This book aims to convince us to stop taking these drugs, and to show us how to do it safely. The authors contend that after 15 minutes with a physician or psychiatrist, Americans are prescribed medications that we may take for years or a lifetime, which can do more harm than good. We're irritable, anxious, emotionally numbed, physically fatigued, and mentally dulled. Yet when we stop taking the drugs, we encounter a whole new set of problems and setbacks.

The book lists the adverse medical reactions you may encounter, plus additional personal, psychological, and philosophical reasons for limiting or rejecting psychiatric drugs. About half the book covers withdrawing from your drug--how to do it carefully and slowly, what to expect, and how to get help--with specifics for certain drugs and a chapter on easing your child off them as well.

If you suffer from depression or another condition that warrants taking prescription drugs, you might refute the authors' contention that "the degree to which we suffer indicates the degree to which we are alive. When we take drugs to ease our suffering, we stifle our psychological and spiritual life." Certainly it would be lovely if we could "find a way to untangle that twisted energy and to redirect it more creatively," but is this really possible in all cases? The authors blame our dependence on drugs and psychiatry on big pharmaceutical-company bucks, psychiatric organizations, and even government agencies. Certainly we are an overmedicated society--but is the answer to take everyone off drugs? This provocative book says yes, and it's bound to be controversial.

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