We continue our series of reprints from the Eclectic Medical Journal materia medica articles by Dr. William. E. Bloyer, turn-of-the-century professor at the Eclectic Medical Institute in Cincinnati. Saw palmetto berry and its extracts are famous today because of their possible effectiveness in cases of benign prostatic hypertrophy. The fame has not come without its cost -- under the relentless pressures of science and marketing, the broader uses of the plant have now been all but forgotten. Bloyer relates them in detail.